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Antecedents and Covariates of Alcohol Consumption among Swiss Male Conscripts
University of Zurich, Centre for Disaster and Military Psychiatry, Birchstrasse 3, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Institute for Therapy Research, Parzivalstrasse 25, 80804 Munich, Germany
Medical Services of the Swiss Armed Forces, Worblentalstrasse 36, 3063 Ittigen, Switzerland
University of Zurich, Research Unit for Social and Clinical Psychiatry, Militärstrasse 8, 8021 Zurich, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2008; Accepted: 19 February 2009 / Published: 2 March 2009
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate prevalence and correlates of alcohol consumption frequency in a sample of Swiss conscripts (n=25,611) in order to identify factors that predispose for frequent consumption. A self-report of drinking frequencies, as well as socio-demographic and psychosocial variables, was collected at psychiatric baseline screening. Based on univariate analyses, relevant variables were included in a multivariate multinomial logistic regression model. Six percent were abstainers, 15% reported rarely drinking, 53% occasional drinking, 24% regular drinking and 2% daily drinking. Except for substance use, most associations followed a “J”-shaped curve across the categories of alcohol frequency. Abstinence and frequent drinking can be perceived as deviations from the social norm. Both behaviors are associated with more psychosocial stressors and might be therefore special targets for further studies and new prevention programs.
Keywords: Alcohol consumption; associated factors of alcohol use; abstainers; J-shaped curve; multinomial logistic regression
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Mueller, M.; Kipke, I.; Frey, F.; Rossler, W.; Lupi, G.; Vetter, S. Antecedents and Covariates of Alcohol Consumption among Swiss Male Conscripts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 958-970.
Mueller M, Kipke I, Frey F, Rossler W, Lupi G, Vetter S. Antecedents and Covariates of Alcohol Consumption among Swiss Male Conscripts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(3):958-970.
Mueller, Mario; Kipke, Ingo; Frey, Franz; Rossler, Wulf; Lupi, Gianpiero; Vetter, Stefan. 2009. "Antecedents and Covariates of Alcohol Consumption among Swiss Male Conscripts." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 3: 958-970.