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Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2009 / Accepted: 10 February 2009 / Published: 13 February 2009
Abstract: The role of wildlife as important sources, reservoirs and amplifiers of emerging human and domestic livestock pathogens, in addition to well recognized zoonoses of public health significance, has gained considerable attention in recent years. However, there has been little attention given to the transmission and impacts of pathogens of human origin, particularly protozoan, helminth and arthropod parasites, on wildlife. Substantial advances in molecular technologies are greatly improving our ability to follow parasite flow among host species and populations and revealing valuable insights about the interactions between cycles of transmission. Here we present several case studies of parasite emergence, or risk of emergence, in wildlife, as a result of contact with humans or anthropogenic activities. For some of these parasites, there is growing evidence of the serious consequences of infection on wildlife survival, whereas for others, there is a paucity of information about their impact.
Keywords: Wildlife; zoonoses; parasitic infections; emergence; biosecurity; Sarcoptes; Giardia; Echinococcus; Toxoplasma; Leishmania; Trypanosoma.
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MDPI and ACS Style
Thompson, R.A.; Kutz, S.J.; Smith, A. Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 678-693.
Thompson RA, Kutz SJ, Smith A. Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):678-693.
Thompson, R.C. Andrew; Kutz, Susan J.; Smith, Andrew. 2009. "Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 678-693.