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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(2), 678-693; doi:10.3390/ijerph6020678
Article

Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues

1,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 4 January 2009; Accepted: 10 February 2009 / Published: 13 February 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health: Feature Papers)
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Abstract: The role of wildlife as important sources, reservoirs and amplifiers of emerging human and domestic livestock pathogens, in addition to well recognized zoonoses of public health significance, has gained considerable attention in recent years. However, there has been little attention given to the transmission and impacts of pathogens of human origin, particularly protozoan, helminth and arthropod parasites, on wildlife. Substantial advances in molecular technologies are greatly improving our ability to follow parasite flow among host species and populations and revealing valuable insights about the interactions between cycles of transmission. Here we present several case studies of parasite emergence, or risk of emergence, in wildlife, as a result of contact with humans or anthropogenic activities. For some of these parasites, there is growing evidence of the serious consequences of infection on wildlife survival, whereas for others, there is a paucity of information about their impact.
Keywords: Wildlife; zoonoses; parasitic infections; emergence; biosecurity; Sarcoptes; Giardia; Echinococcus; Toxoplasma; Leishmania; Trypanosoma. Wildlife; zoonoses; parasitic infections; emergence; biosecurity; Sarcoptes; Giardia; Echinococcus; Toxoplasma; Leishmania; Trypanosoma.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thompson, R.A.; Kutz, S.J.; Smith, A. Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 678-693.

AMA Style

Thompson RA, Kutz SJ, Smith A. Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(2):678-693.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thompson, R.C. Andrew; Kutz, Susan J.; Smith, Andrew. 2009. "Parasite Zoonoses and Wildlife: Emerging Issues." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 2: 678-693.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert