Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2008, 5(4), 230-242; doi:10.3390/ijerph5040230
Article

Gender Specific Differences in the Pros and Cons of Smoking among Current Smokers in Eastern Kentucky: Implications for Future Smoking Cessation Interventions

Received: 22 October 2008; Accepted: 4 December 2008 / Published: 8 December 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Smoking and Public Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study investigated gender differences in the perceived “pros” and “cons” of smoking using the constructs of decisional balance (DB) and stage of change from the Transtheoretical Model. The population distribution for stage of change among a population-based, cross-sectional survey of 155 current smokers over 40 years was: precontemplation (22.6%), contemplation (41.9%), preparation (35.5%). Results of stepwise regression models indicated significant gender differences in DB were in the preparation stage of change; scores on the DB measure increased 3.94 points (95% CI: 1.94, 5.93) for male smokers. Interventions targeting the “pros” and “cons” of smoking may need to be gender specific.
Keywords: Transtheoretical model; Decisional-balance; Stage of change; Smoking; Gender
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hazen, D.A.; Mannino, D.M.; Clayton, R. Gender Specific Differences in the Pros and Cons of Smoking among Current Smokers in Eastern Kentucky: Implications for Future Smoking Cessation Interventions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2008, 5, 230-242.

AMA Style

Hazen DA, Mannino DM, Clayton R. Gender Specific Differences in the Pros and Cons of Smoking among Current Smokers in Eastern Kentucky: Implications for Future Smoking Cessation Interventions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2008; 5(4):230-242.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hazen, Dana A.; Mannino, David M.; Clayton, Richard. 2008. "Gender Specific Differences in the Pros and Cons of Smoking among Current Smokers in Eastern Kentucky: Implications for Future Smoking Cessation Interventions." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 5, no. 4: 230-242.

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