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Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort
Jackson Heart Study Coordinating Center, Jackson, MS, USA
Nova Southeastern University, Pensacola, FL, USA
Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, MS, USA
Veterans Administration Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
Jackson Heart Study, Jackson, MS, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2007; Accepted: 30 November 2007 / Published: 31 December 2007
Abstract: This study sought to establish the psychometric properties of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short Form (CSISF) by examining coping skills in the Jackson Heart Study cohort. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation, and Cronbach Alpha to examine reliability and validity in the CSI-SF that solicited responses from 5302 African American men and women between the ages of 35 and 84. One item was dropped from the 16-item CSI-SF, making it a 15-item survey. No significant effects were found for age and gender, strengthening the generalizability of the CSI-SF. The internal consistency reliability analysis revealed reliability between alpha = 0.58-0.72 for all of the scales, and all of the fit indices used to examine the CSI-SF provided support for its use as an adequate measure of coping. This study provides empirical support for utilizing this instrument in future efforts to understand the role of coping in moderating health outcomes.
Keywords: Measurement; psychometric analysis; coping; African Americans
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Addison, C.C.; Campbell-Jenkins, B.W.; Sarpong, D.F.; Kibler, J.; Singh, M.; Dubbert, P.; Wilson, G.; Payne, T.; Taylor, H. Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2007, 4, 289-295.
Addison CC, Campbell-Jenkins BW, Sarpong DF, Kibler J, Singh M, Dubbert P, Wilson G, Payne T, Taylor H. Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2007; 4(4):289-295.
Addison, Clifton C.; Campbell-Jenkins, Brenda W.; Sarpong, Daniel F.; Kibler, Jeffery; Singh, Madhu; Dubbert, Patricia; Wilson, Gregory; Payne, Thomas; Taylor, Herman. 2007. "Psychometric Evaluation of a Coping Strategies Inventory Short-Form (CSI-SF) in the Jackson Heart Study Cohort." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 4, no. 4: 289-295.