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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1965; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091965

Seasonal Allergies and Psychiatric Disorders in the United States

1
Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, 669 W. 34 th St., Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA
2
Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Deu, Dr. Antoni Pujadas, 42, Sant Boi de Llobregat, 08830 Barcelona, Spain
3
Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte de Lemos 3-5 Pabellón 11, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Graduate School of Social Service, Fordham University, 113 W 60th Street, New York, NY 10023, USA
5
The Stockholm Center for Health and Social Change (SCOHOST), Södertörn University, 141 89 Huddinge, Sweden
6
Department of Preventive Intervention for Psychiatric Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashicho, Kodaira, Tokyo 1878553, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 8 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Seasonal allergies have been associated with mental health problems, though the evidence is still emergent, particularly in the United States. We analyzed data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication and the National Latino and Asian American Survey (years 2001–2003). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the relations between lifetime allergies and lifetime psychiatric disorders (each disorder in a separate model), adjusting for socio-demographic variables (including region of residence) and tobacco use. Analyses were also stratified to test for effect modification by race and sex. A history of seasonal allergies was associated with greater odds of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders, but not alcohol or substance use disorders, after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and tobacco use. The associations between seasonal allergies and mood disorders, substance use disorders, and alcohol use disorders were particularly strong for Latino Americans. The association between seasonal allergies and eating disorders was stronger for men than women. Seasonal allergies are a risk factor for psychiatric disorders. Individuals complaining of seasonal allergies should be screened for early signs of mental health problems and referred to specialized services accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: Allergies; allergic rhinitis; psychiatric disorders; Latinos; Asians; African Americans Allergies; allergic rhinitis; psychiatric disorders; Latinos; Asians; African Americans
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Oh, H.; Koyanagi, A.; DeVylder, J.E.; Stickley, A. Seasonal Allergies and Psychiatric Disorders in the United States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1965.

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