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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1766; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081766

Food Insecurity among Older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders

1
Demography and Ageing Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia
2
School of Health and Society, University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2522, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 6 August 2018 / Accepted: 10 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries)
Full-Text   |   PDF [306 KB, uploaded 17 August 2018]

Abstract

It is well established that Indigenous populations are at a heightened risk of food insecurity. Yet, although populations (both Indigenous and non-Indigenous) are ageing, little is understood about the levels of food insecurity experienced by older Indigenous peoples. Using Australian data, this study examined the prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Using nationally representative data, we employed ordinal logistic regression models to investigate the association between socio-demographic characteristics and food insecurity. We found that 21% of the older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population were food insecure, with 40% of this group exposed to food insecurity with food depletion and inadequate intake. This places this population at a 5 to 7-fold risk of experiencing food insecurity relative to their older non-Indigenous peers. Measures of geography, language and low socio-economic status were highly associated with exposure to food insecurity. Addressing food insecurity offers one pathway to reduce the disparity in health outcomes between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and non-Indigenous Australians. Policies that consider both remote and non-remote Australia, as well as those that involve Aboriginal people in their design and implementation are needed to reduce food insecurity. View Full-Text
Keywords: food insecurity; food security; Indigenous population; ageing; Indigenous food insecurity; food security; Indigenous population; ageing; Indigenous
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Temple, J.B.; Russell, J. Food Insecurity among Older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1766.

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