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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 958; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050958

Does Type 1 Diabetes Modify Sexuality and Mood of Women and Men?

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland
2
Department of Gerontology and Geriatric Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
3
Department of Clinical Nursing Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University, 50-367 Wroclaw, Poland
4
Department of Nursing Propaedeutics, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
5
Department of Social and Humanistic Studies, Chair of Philosophy and Bioethics, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
6
Chair of Woman’s Health, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 April 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 11 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Care and Diabetes)
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Abstract

Background: Sexual disorders occurring in women and men with type 1 diabetes have not been sufficiently investigated and described until now. This study attempts to evaluate sexuality in women and men. Methods: Altogether, the study comprised 115 patients with type 1 diabetes and 105 healthy people constituting the control group. All the studied persons underwent survey studies determining sexuality using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI-19) in women and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15) in men, and the occurrence of depression using the Beck Depression Inventory. The acceptance of illness among patients with diabetes was examined using the Acceptance of Illness Scale questionnaire. Results: In 35% of the examined women with diabetes, the study demonstrated sexual dysfunction as determined by total FSFI. The point values of all the investigated FSFI domains were significantly lower in women with diabetes than in healthy ones (p < 0.001). Erectile dysfunction occurred in 50% of the studied men with diabetes and in 23% of the control group of men (p = 0.0017). Conclusions: Type 1 diabetes leads to sexual disorders which occur in 1/3 of women and in 1/2 of men. Sexual disorders in patients with diabetes more frequently occur in men, persons with coexisting complications of diabetes, and in those with a concentration of glycated hemoglobin higher than 6.5%. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual disorders; type 1 diabetes; depression; illness acceptance sexual disorders; type 1 diabetes; depression; illness acceptance
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Bak, E.; Marcisz, C.; Krzeminska, S.; Dobrzyn-Matusiak, D.; Foltyn, A.; Drosdzol-Cop, A. Does Type 1 Diabetes Modify Sexuality and Mood of Women and Men? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 958.

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