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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 460; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030460

Socio-Economic Disparities in Attitude and Preference for Menu Labels among Vietnamese Restaurant Customers

1
School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
3
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
4
Vietnam Young Physicians’ Association, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
5
Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
6
Biomedical Global Institute of Healthcare Research & Technology (BIGHEART), National University of Singapore, Singapore 117599, Singapore
7
Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 28 February 2018 / Accepted: 28 February 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Full-Text   |   PDF [284 KB, uploaded 6 March 2018]

Abstract

Calories and nutrition labeling on restaurant menus are powerful policy interventions to reduce the burden of obesity epidemic. However, the success of this policy requires an assurance of equal benefits among customers with different characteristics, especially people at a higher risk of poor health outcomes and eating habits. This study examined the sociodemographic disparities in the attitude and preference for calories and nutrition labeling on menus among customers in various food facilities. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1746 customers of food facilities in Hanoi, Vietnam, who were recruited by using a multistage sampling method. Socio-economic characteristics, attitudes regarding the necessity and preferences for calories, and nutrition labeling on menus were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to determine the associated factors with attitudes and preferences. Results show that most of the sample understood the necessity to have calories and nutrition labeling (59.8%), and 71.8% preferred to have calories and nutrition labeling. People who often visited food facilities (Odd Ratio (OR) = 1.36; 95% confident interval (CI) = 1.06–1.74) and had higher education and were more likely to understand the necessity of calories and nutrition labeling. Factors such as being homemakers, often going to dine-in restaurants, and perceiving that labeling was unnecessary were negatively associated with preferences for calories and nutrition labeling. The results of this study encourage policymakers to implement calories and nutrition labeling in the future. Health education interventions to improve knowledge and attitude as regards calories and nutrition labeling on menus are important, particularly for males, less-educated individuals, and high-income people. View Full-Text
Keywords: sociodemographic; disparity; calories; nutrients; labeling; Vietnam sociodemographic; disparity; calories; nutrients; labeling; Vietnam
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Nguyen, L.H.; Tran, B.X.; Thi Nguyen, H.L.; Le, H.T.; Do, H.T.; Kim Dang, A.; Nguyen, C.T.; Latkin, C.A.; Zhang, M.W.B.; Ho, R.C.M. Socio-Economic Disparities in Attitude and Preference for Menu Labels among Vietnamese Restaurant Customers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 460.

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