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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 422; doi:10.3390/ijerph15030422

Suicidal Ideation among the Chinese Elderly and Its Correlates: A Comparison between the Rural and Urban Populations

School of Sociology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
Central University of Finance and Economics School of Social Development, Beijing 100081, China
State University of New York Buffalo State Department of Sociology, Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
Shandong University School of Public Health Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Jinan 250012, China
China Research Center on Aging, Beijing 100054, China
The co-author Ping Guo passed away in 2015.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 25 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicide Risk and Mental Disorders)
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Background: As China is going through a profound aging process, the mental health of the elderly is becoming an issue. As in many other societies, the elderly in China is a population at high risk of suicide; Methods: Data for the study were taken from the Sample Survey of the Aged Population in Urban/Rural China (SSAPUR) accomplished in 2010 by the China Ministry of Civil Affairs. The valid sample for this study was composed of 18,683 individuals, including 9416 urban residents and 9267 rural residents both aged 60 or more years; Results: Logistic regression analyses showed that household income and expenditure, the number of children, chronic diseases, disability of daily living, depression, the frequency of visiting neighbors and having friends or relatives who can help or not had remarkable effects on the suicidal ideation among urban and rural old people. Gender, education, political affiliation, marital status and self-rated health status did not work on the dependent variable. However, some risk factors for suicidal ideation among the Chinese elderly were different between rural and urban regions; Conclusions: We should take different measures when facing the different groups of the elderly. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Chinese elderly; depression; suicidal ideation; risk factors; urban-rural comparison the Chinese elderly; depression; suicidal ideation; risk factors; urban-rural comparison

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Wei, J.; Zhang, J.; Deng, Y.; Sun, L.; Guo, P. Suicidal Ideation among the Chinese Elderly and Its Correlates: A Comparison between the Rural and Urban Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 422.

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