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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 395; doi:10.3390/ijerph15030395

The Association between Maternal Stress and Childhood Eczema: A Systematic Review

The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, the New Territories, Hong Kong, China
Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-2200, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 25 February 2018
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Eczema is a chronic atopic disease that is highly prevalent among children worldwide. Identification of factors that may contribute to childhood eczema is needed in order to develop strategies in its prevention. Over the past decade, accumulating evidence has suggested a potential correlation between the experience of stress by mothers and the risk of eczema development in their child. The present review attempts to provide an overview of the studies that contribute data on this correlation. The literature search was conducted using five databases, resulting in the inclusion of eleven studies in the review. The findings of these studies were summarized narratively. Further, an appraisal of the reporting quality of the included studies was conducted using a twelve-item checklist adapted from the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. Overall, the included studies showed that a positive correlation exists between the experience of stress among mothers and eczema risk of their child. The findings highlight the importance of the implementation of stress reduction programs for pregnant women and those in their postpartum period within communities in order to enable these individuals to relieve stress effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood eczema; atopic dermatitis; maternal stress childhood eczema; atopic dermatitis; maternal stress

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, C.W.H.; Law, B.M.H.; Liu, Y.-H.; Ambrocio, A.R.B.; Au, N.; Jiang, M.; Chow, K.M. The Association between Maternal Stress and Childhood Eczema: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 395.

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