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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 390; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020390

Assessment of Pressure Sources and Water Body Resilience: An Integrated Approach for Action Planning in a Polluted River Basin

1
School of Engineering, Basilicata University, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Veneto Regional Environmental Prevention and Protection Agency (ARPAV), Provincial Department of Venice, Via Lissa 6, 30172 Venice-Mestre, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 23 February 2018
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Abstract

The present study develops an integrated methodology combining the results of the water-quality classification, according to the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC—WFD, with those of a mathematical integrity model. It is able to analyse the potential anthropogenic impacts on the receiving water body and to help municipal decision-makers when selecting short/medium/long-term strategic mitigation actions to be performed in a territory. Among the most important causes of water-quality degradation in a river, the focus is placed on pollutants from urban wastewater. In particular, the proposed approach evaluates the efficiency and the accurate localisation of treatment plants in a basin, as well as the capacity of its river to bear the residual pollution loads after the treatment phase. The methodology is applied to a sample catchment area, located in northern Italy, where water quality is strongly affected by high population density and by the presence of agricultural and industrial activities. Nearly 10 years of water-quality data collected through official monitoring are considered for the implementation of the system. The sample basin shows different real and potential pollution conditions, according to the resilience of the river and surroundings, together with the point and diffuse pressure sources acting on the receiving body. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; integrity model; pollution load; resilience; decision-support system; river basin; ecological macro-descriptors; pressure sources; Water Framework Directive; wastewater-treatment plant water quality; integrity model; pollution load; resilience; decision-support system; river basin; ecological macro-descriptors; pressure sources; Water Framework Directive; wastewater-treatment plant
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mirauda, D.; Ostoich, M. Assessment of Pressure Sources and Water Body Resilience: An Integrated Approach for Action Planning in a Polluted River Basin. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 390.

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