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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020375

Empirical Examinations of Effects of Three-Level Green Exercise on Engagement with Nature and Physical Activity

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, 57 Sec. 2, Zhongshan Rd., Taichung City 41170, Taiwan
2
Department of Landscape Architecture, National Chiayi University, 300 Syuefu Rd., Chiayi City 60004, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 28 January 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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Abstract

Green exercise can be classified into three levels based on engagement with nature. Although this classification was proposed more than a decade ago, few studies have investigated it since. The present study examined the effects of green exercise levels on engagement with nature and physical activity (PA) through a field experiment. A questionnaire was distributed to 95 students from a technology university in Central Taiwan to measure their level of engagement with nature in people-environment transactions, while their PA was measured using three instruments. In addition, because social interaction may distract individual attention from activities or their environments, the present study incorporated the presence of partners as a control variable. The results revealed that (1) engagement with nature and PA significantly differed between the levels of green exercise, and the higher the level of green exercise participated in, the greater the level of engagement with nature; and (2) although the presence of partners did not influence the level of engagement with nature, it significantly affected the level of PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: bodily movement speed; arm activity; limb activity; energy expenditure; environmental naturalness bodily movement speed; arm activity; limb activity; energy expenditure; environmental naturalness
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Han, K.-T.; Wang, P.-C. Empirical Examinations of Effects of Three-Level Green Exercise on Engagement with Nature and Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 375.

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