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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 347; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020347

Effects of Vacation Rental Websites on the Concentration of Tourists—Potential Environmental Impacts. An Application to the Balearic Islands in Spain

1
Department of Business, Faculty of Business and Communication, International University of La Rioja, Avenida de la Paz, 137, 26004 Logroño, Spain
2
Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain
3
Department of Fundamentals of Knowledge, University of Guadalajara, Centro Universitario del Norte, Carretera Federal 23, Santiago Tlaltelolco, Colotlán 46200, Mexico
4
Department of Spanish and International Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 January 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 15 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Environment, Green Operations and Sustainability)
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Abstract

The concentration of tourists at certain times of the year can damage sensitive environments. The use of peer-to-peer vacation rental websites has increased greatly during the last decade. This system could either reduce seasonality in touristic destinations where the tourist activity takes place throughout the year at a lower price or on the contrary, it could increase the number of visitors at certain times of the year even more. This paper intends to analyze the effect that these platforms have on tourism seasonality in order to calculate if they help reduce or increase the pressure on the destinations. To do so, the Gini Index has been applied to one of the main touristic spots in Europe, the Balearic Islands in Spain. The conclusion is that this type of accommodation has aggravated the problem, generating a greater concentration of tourists and a higher pressure on the resources of the islands. View Full-Text
Keywords: Spain; environmental impacts; collaborative economy; peer-to-peer vacation rental websites; seasonality of tourism Spain; environmental impacts; collaborative economy; peer-to-peer vacation rental websites; seasonality of tourism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Martín Martín, J.M.; Rodriguez Martín, J.A.; Zermeño Mejía, K.A.; Salinas Fernández, J.A. Effects of Vacation Rental Websites on the Concentration of Tourists—Potential Environmental Impacts. An Application to the Balearic Islands in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 347.

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