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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 332; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020332

Work Stress Interventions in Hospital Care: Effectiveness of the DISCovery Method

1
Human Performance Management Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, TNO, P.O. Box 3005, 2301 DA Leiden, The Netherlands
3
School of Psychology, Asia Pacific Centre for Work Health and Safety, University of South Australia, P.O. Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Work Stress and the Development of Chronic Diseases)
Full-Text   |   PDF [449 KB, uploaded 13 February 2018]

Abstract

Effective interventions to prevent work stress and to improve health, well-being, and performance of employees are of the utmost importance. This quasi-experimental intervention study presents a specific method for diagnosis of psychosocial risk factors at work and subsequent development and implementation of tailored work stress interventions, the so-called DISCovery method. This method aims at improving employee health, well-being, and performance by optimizing the balance between job demands, job resources, and recovery from work. The aim of the study is to quantitatively assess the effectiveness of the DISCovery method in hospital care. Specifically, we used a three-wave longitudinal, quasi-experimental multiple-case study approach with intervention and comparison groups in health care work. Positive changes were found for members of the intervention groups, relative to members of the corresponding comparison groups, with respect to targeted work-related characteristics and targeted health, well-being, and performance outcomes. Overall, results lend support for the effectiveness of the DISCovery method in hospital care. View Full-Text
Keywords: work stress; job demands; job resources; off-job recovery; interventions; DISC-R Model; DISCovery method; multiple-case study; health care workers work stress; job demands; job resources; off-job recovery; interventions; DISC-R Model; DISCovery method; multiple-case study; health care workers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Niks, I.; de Jonge, J.; Gevers, J.; Houtman, I. Work Stress Interventions in Hospital Care: Effectiveness of the DISCovery Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 332.

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