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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020290

Characteristics of Stress and Suicidal Ideation in the Disclosure of Sexual Orientation among Young French LGB Adults

1
LPS (Laboratoire Psychologie Sociale), Aix Marseille University, 13100 Aix en Provence, France
2
Department Psychology, Letter, Languages and History, LPS (Laboratoire Psychologie Sociale), 30000 Nimes, France
3
Department Psychology, Letter, Languages and History, Laboratoire CHROME (Détection, Evaluation, Gestion de Risques CHOniques et éMergenst), 30000 Nimes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 4 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Suicide Research)
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Abstract

Background: Lesbians, gays, and bisexual people (LGB) present high levels of suicidal ideation. The disclosure of sexual orientation is a stressful experience which presents a high suicide risk. Research has not paid sufficient attention to stress during this disclosure in order to understand suicide among LGB people. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) the characteristics of stress during this revelation, more precisely cognitive appraisal, emotions, and coping; and (2) associations between these characteristics and suicidal ideation. Method: A total of 200 LGB young adults answered the “Stressful situation assessment questionnaire”, focusing on the most stressful disclosure of sexual orientation they have ever experienced. Results: Avoidance coping is a good predictor of suicidal ideation, and mediates the association between primary appraisal (risk “Harm myself and others”) and suicidal ideation. Conclusions: Our study illustrates the need to better understand stress during the disclosure of sexual orientation to prevent and care for suicide risk among LGB young adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; stress; disclosure of sexual orientation; LGB young adults suicide; stress; disclosure of sexual orientation; LGB young adults
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Charbonnier, E.; Dumas, F.; Chesterman, A.; Graziani, P. Characteristics of Stress and Suicidal Ideation in the Disclosure of Sexual Orientation among Young French LGB Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 290.

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