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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 245; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020245

Empowering Retailers to Refuse to Sell Tobacco Products to Minors

1
Department of Respiratory Care and Graduate Institute of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi 61363, Taiwan
2
Department of Nursing, National Tainan Junior College of Nursing, Tainan 700, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi 61363, Taiwan
4
Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi 61363, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 January 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 29 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
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Abstract

Tobacco smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke are major environmental risk factors that negatively influence health. It is recommended that tobacco product manufacturers and retailers receive empowerment counseling programs to achieve adolescent health targets. The present study conducted an empowerment counseling session to counsel tobacco product retailers in refusing to sell tobacco products to minors. The three stages of this study were conducted from March 2015 to February 2017. The results revealed that 74% of retailers were selling tobacco products to minors at baseline, 40% at stage two and 15% at stage three. These represent significant reductions in selling tobacco products to minors (all stage differences p < 0.001). However, experimental design studies could be used to examine the empowerment counseling program for preventing tobacco sales to minors in the future. Moreover, health care providers should collaborate with tobacco product retailers to design unique empowerment counseling sessions for specific regions to improve retailers’ capabilities for self-management in terms of tobacco hazard prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: empowerment; tobacco product retailer; adolescent empowerment; tobacco product retailer; adolescent
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, M.-L.; Chou, L.-N.; Zheng, Y.-C. Empowering Retailers to Refuse to Sell Tobacco Products to Minors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 245.

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