Next Article in Journal
Do Natural Experiments of Changes in Neighborhood Built Environment Impact Physical Activity and Diet? A Systematic Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Transportation and Health
Previous Article in Journal
Study of Stroke Incidence in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Transportation Attitudes and Health Behavior Change: Evaluation of a Brief Stage-Targeted Video Intervention
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 216; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020216

Intention for Car Use Reduction: Applying a Stage-Based Model

CTF Service Research Center and Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Transportation and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [609 KB, uploaded 29 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

This study investigates which variables drive intention to reduce car use by modelling a stage of change construct with mechanisms in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Norm Activation Model (NAM). Web questionnaires (n = 794) were collected via 11 workplaces. The socio-demographics, work commute, stage of change, attitudes to sustainable travel modes, social norms, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm were assessed. An initial descriptive analysis revealed that 19% of the employees saw no reason to reduce their car use; 35% would like to reduce their car use but felt it was impossible; 12% were thinking about reducing their car use but were unsure of how or when to do this; 12% had an aim to reduce current car use, and knew which journeys to replace and which modes to use; and 23% try to use modes other than a car for most journeys, and will maintain or reduce their already low car use in the coming months. A series of Ordered Logit Models showed that socio-demographic variables did not explain the stage of change. Instead, personal norms, instrumental and affective attitudes, and perceived behavioral control toward sustainable travel modes were all significant and explained 43% of the variance in stage of change. Furthermore, it was found that the significant relationships were not linear in nature. The analysis also showed an indirect effect of social norms on the stage of change through personal norms. Implications are discussed regarding the design of interventions aimed at influencing a sustainable work commute. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitudes; intentions; norms; perceived behavioral control; stage-based models; sustainable travel; work commute attitudes; intentions; norms; perceived behavioral control; stage-based models; sustainable travel; work commute
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Olsson, L.E.; Huck, J.; Friman, M. Intention for Car Use Reduction: Applying a Stage-Based Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 216.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top