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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 929; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080929

Beverage Intake among Children: Associations with Parent and Home-Related Factors

1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
2
Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2017 / Revised: 10 August 2017 / Accepted: 15 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Beverage intake can influence child diet quality in a positive or negative manner depending on the beverage type and amounts consumed. Parenting practices such as role modeling and control of home beverage availability have been associated with child beverage intake, whereas examination of the influence of parental beverage nutrition knowledge has been more limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sugar-sweetened and dairy beverage intake among children (9–12 years) and home and parental factors. A questionnaire was administered among a convenience sample of parents (n = 194) to assess beverage nutrition knowledge, beverage intake and home availability of beverages. Children completed a questionnaire to estimate usual beverage intake. Daily sugar-sweetened beverage intake by children ranged from 0.4 to 48 oz. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine relationships. Parents were mostly female, white, well educated, and employed. Home availability of sugar-sweetened and dairy beverages was positively associated with child sugar-sweetened (OR = 1.48, p = 0.03) and dairy beverage intake (OR = 1.34, p = 0.03), respectively. Parent dairy beverage intake was associated with child dairy beverage intake (OR = 1.06, p = 0.01). Parent knowledge about sugar in beverages was related to child dairy beverage intake (OR = 1.46, p = 0.02), whereas calcium/dairy knowledge and general beverage nutrition knowledge were not related to child beverage intake. Parenting practices and knowledge may play a role in determining child beverage intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; beverage intake; parenting practices; nutrition knowledge children; beverage intake; parenting practices; nutrition knowledge
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zahid, A.; Davey, C.; Reicks, M. Beverage Intake among Children: Associations with Parent and Home-Related Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 929.

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