Next Article in Journal
Socioeconomic Inequalities in Green Space Quality and Accessibility—Evidence from a Southern European City
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of a City-Level Minimum-Wage Policy on Supermarket Food Prices in Seattle-King County
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Typical Heavy Metals in Human Hair of Different Age Groups and Foodstuffs in Beijing, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Progress Evaluation for the Restaurant Industry Assessed by a Voluntary Marketing-Mix and Choice-Architecture Framework That Offers Strategies to Nudge American Customers toward Healthy Food Environments, 2006–2017
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 915; doi:10.3390/ijerph14080915

Pricing of Staple Foods at Supermarkets versus Small Food Stores

1
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
2
Office of Statewide Health Improvement Initiatives, Minnesota Department of Health, St Paul, MN 55164, USA
3
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2017 / Revised: 6 August 2017 / Accepted: 12 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Environment, Diet, and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [698 KB, uploaded 15 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Prices affect food purchase decisions, particularly in lower-income communities, where access to a range of food retailers (including supermarkets) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine differences in staple food pricing between small urban food stores and the closest supermarkets, as well as whether pricing differentials varied based on proximity between small stores and larger retailers. In 2014, prices were measured for 15 staple foods during store visits in 140 smaller stores (corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores, and pharmacies) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN and their closest supermarket. Mixed models controlling for store type were used to estimate the average price differential between: (a) smaller stores and supermarkets; (b) isolated smaller stores (>1 mile to closest supermarket) and non-isolated smaller stores; and (c) isolated smaller stores inside versus outside USDA-identified food deserts. On average, all items except white bread were 10–54% more expensive in smaller stores than in supermarkets (p < 0.001). Prices were generally not significantly different in isolated stores compared with non-isolated stores for most items. Among isolated stores, there were no price differences inside versus outside food deserts. We conclude that smaller food stores have higher prices for most staple foods compared to their closest supermarket, regardless of proximity. More research is needed to examine staple food prices in different retail spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: corner stores; food affordability; food deserts; health disparities corner stores; food affordability; food deserts; health disparities
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Caspi, C.E.; Pelletier, J.E.; Harnack, L.J.; Erickson, D.J.; Lenk, K.; Laska, M.N. Pricing of Staple Foods at Supermarkets versus Small Food Stores. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 915.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top