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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 690; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070690

An Intervention to Reduce Bicycle Injuries among Middle School Students in Rural China

1
Injury Prevention Research Center, Medical College of Shantou University, 22 Xin Ling Road, Shantou 515041, China
2
Joint Shantou International Eye Center of Shantou University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou 515041, China
3
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David C. Schwebel
Received: 5 May 2017 / Revised: 16 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 26 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [280 KB, uploaded 28 June 2017]

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce bicycle injuries among rural middle school students in China. A one-year cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted with seventh grade students from six middle schools in two towns in rural Chaoshan, China. The two towns were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group. Road safety education materials, two lectures on road safety, and a series of health education activities were delivered to 1312 students in the intervention group over one year, and the content of the intervention included traffic safety knowledge, methods of preventing bicycle injury and management of bicycle injuries. Questionnaires weere administered to the two groups before and after the intervention to measure the incidence, cognitions, and behaviors related to bicycle injuries. The pre-intervention incidence of bicycle injuries exhibited no significant difference between the two groups, while the difference reached significance after the intervention (χ2 = 13.409, p < 0.001). In the intervention group, the incidence decreased significantly after the intervention (χ2 = 8.137, p = 0.004), while no significant change was observed in the control group. Publicity and education intervention measures have certain short-term effects on the prevention of bicycle injuries among rural middle school students; we should approach intervention measures according to the characteristics of traffic injuries in different areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural area; middle school students; bicycle injuries; intervention rural area; middle school students; bicycle injuries; intervention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ji, Y.; Ye, Y.; Lu, Y.; Li, L.; Gao, Y. An Intervention to Reduce Bicycle Injuries among Middle School Students in Rural China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 690.

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