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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 687; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070687

Children with Physical Disabilities at School and Home: Physical Activity and Contextual Characteristics

1
Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 20 June 2017 / Published: 25 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the physical activity (PA) of children with physical disabilities (PD) in school and home settings and to simultaneously examine selected contextual characteristics in relation to PA in those settings. Children with PD (N = 35; Mean age = 15.67 ± 4.30 years; 26 boys) were systematically observed using BEACHES (Behaviors of Eating and Activity for Children’s Health: Evaluation System) at school (before school, recess, lunch break, after class) and at home (before dinner) during four normal school days. The children spent most of their time in all five settings being physically inactive, but had slightly more PA during recess and lunch break periods. Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that selected contextual characteristics explained 18.9–56.0% (p < 0.01) of the variance predicting moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) after controlling for demographic variables. Prompts to be active were positively associated with MVPA at school and the presence of fathers and fathers being motivators at home. This study highlights how little PA that children with PD receive and identifies the importance of the provision of prompts for PA at both school and home with this special population. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; physical disability; physical activity; environmental correlates; observation children; physical disability; physical activity; environmental correlates; observation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, R.; Sit, C.H.-P.; Yu, J.J.; Sum, R.K.-W.; Wong, S.H.-S.; Cheng, K.C.-C.; McKenzie, T.L. Children with Physical Disabilities at School and Home: Physical Activity and Contextual Characteristics. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 687.

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