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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 645; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060645

Environmental, Human Health and Socio-Economic Effects of Cement Powders: The Multicriteria Analysis as Decisional Methodology

1
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Consulting Engineer, Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 12 May 2017 / Revised: 9 June 2017 / Accepted: 10 June 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Health, Risk Analysis and Environmental Hazards)
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Abstract

The attention to sustainability-related issues has grown fast in recent decades. The experience gained with these themes reveals the importance of considering this topic in the construction industry, which represents an important sector throughout the world. This work consists on conducting a multicriteria analysis of four cement powders, with the objective of calculating and analysing the environmental, human health and socio-economic effects of their production processes. The economic, technical, environmental and safety performances of the examined powders result from official, both internal and public, documents prepared by the producers. The Analytic Hierarchy Process permitted to consider several indicators (i.e., environmental, human health related and socio-economic parameters) and to conduct comprehensive and unbiased analyses which gave the best, most sustainable cement powder. As assumed in this study, the contribution of each considered parameter to the overall sustainability has a different incidence, therefore the procedure could be used to support on-going sustainability efforts under different conditions. The results also prove that it is not appropriate to regard only one parameter to identify the ‘best’ cement powder, but several impact categories should be considered and analysed if there is an interest for pursuing different, often conflicting interests. View Full-Text
Keywords: cement; multicriteria analysis; life cycle assessment; construction industry cement; multicriteria analysis; life cycle assessment; construction industry
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Moretti, L.; Di Mascio, P.; Bellagamba, S. Environmental, Human Health and Socio-Economic Effects of Cement Powders: The Multicriteria Analysis as Decisional Methodology. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 645.

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