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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 604; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060604

Work-Related Eye Injuries: A Relevant Health Problem. Main Epidemiological Data from a Highly-Industrialized Area of Northern Italy

1
Chair of Occupational Medicine, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy
2
Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, 41124 Modena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alesia Ferguson
Received: 9 March 2017 / Revised: 29 May 2017 / Accepted: 31 May 2017 / Published: 6 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Abstract

The province of Modena is one of the most industrialized areas of Northern Italy. The medical records of the Ophthalmological Emergency Department (OED) of Modena University Hospital were studied: there were 13,470 OED accesses in 2014 and in 754 cases that an occupational eye injury occurred. The frequency of work-related eye injuries (3‰) was lower compared to other published studies, but the absolute number is still relevant, showing the need for more adequate prevention, especially in metal work, construction work, and agriculture, where the worst prognoses were observed. Intervention programs must be implemented as early as possible in the working life, considering that the frequency in younger workers is about double that of the oldest age class (3.5‰ vs. 1.8‰), and special attention should also be given to foreigners, who have a 50% higher injury risk. Furthermore, the planning of specific interventions for eye-injured workers may be useful, considering that a previous injury does not appear to encourage the adoption of preventive interventions, and a subgroup of eye-injured workers have a potential risk for new injuries. Finally, the data presented here indicates how OED records, integrated with specific occupational information, can be applied for studies on work-related eye injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: work-related eye injury; ophthalmological emergency; occupational accident prevention work-related eye injury; ophthalmological emergency; occupational accident prevention
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gobba, F.; Dall’Olio, E.; Modenese, A.; De Maria, M.; Campi, L.; Cavallini, G.M. Work-Related Eye Injuries: A Relevant Health Problem. Main Epidemiological Data from a Highly-Industrialized Area of Northern Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 604.

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