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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 601; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060601

Quality of Life of Post-Mastectomy Women Living in a Semi-Arid Region of Brazil

1
Laboratório de Análises Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Av. Príncipe de Gales, 821, CEP 09060-650 Santo André, Brazil
2
Departamento de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP, Rua Professos Artur Riedel, 275, CEP 09972-270 Diadema, Brazil
3
Laboratório de Epidemiologia da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Av. Príncipe de Gales, 821, CEP 09060-650 Santo André, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Mawson
Received: 18 March 2017 / Revised: 22 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 5 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [317 KB, uploaded 5 June 2017]

Abstract

Health is the major reference regarding quality of life; when it comes to breast cancer in particular, the loss of a breast traumatically affects a woman’s life, reflecting on her quality of life. Recognizing this problem, our aim was to investigate the quality of life of women who live in a semi-arid region of Brazil after breast cancer mastectomy. In this exploratory, transversal and observational study, a Brazilian variantof the shorter version of the original instrument from the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), applied in the study population, was analyzed and their socio-demographic profile was obtained. The sample was composed of 50 mastectomized women. The 50 included patients comprised women at a mean age of 54 years. Most of them had finished elementary school, and their average income was one Brazilian minimum monthly wage. Regarding the data related to quality of life, the highest score was found in the social relationships domain (4.29) followed by the psychological (4.09) and environmental (3.88) domains. The lowest score observed was for the physical domain (3.48). With these findings we can say that social and psychological parameters are driving factors of the quality of life in post-mastectomy women. Therefore, these results are useful to establish strategies to improve the quality of life of breast cancer mastectomy patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: mastectomy; breast cancer; neoplasia; quality of life; public health mastectomy; breast cancer; neoplasia; quality of life; public health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo Neto, E.A.; Alves, B.C.A.; Gehrke, F.S.; Azzalis, L.A.; Junqueira, V.C.B.; Sousa, L.V.A.; Adami, F.; Fonseca, F.L.A. Quality of Life of Post-Mastectomy Women Living in a Semi-Arid Region of Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 601.

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