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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 586; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060586

Extending Participatory Sensing to Personal Exposure Using Microscopic Land Use Regression Models

1
Information Technology, Research Group WAVES, Ghent University, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
2
Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO), Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
3
Traffic Research Institute, Hasselt University, 3500 Diepenbeek, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael S. Breen
Received: 21 April 2017 / Revised: 21 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 31 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Abstract

Personal exposure is sensitive to the personal features and behavior of the individual, and including interpersonal variability will improve the health and quality of life evaluations. Participatory sensing assesses the spatial and temporal variability of environmental indicators and is used to quantify this interpersonal variability. Transferring the participatory sensing information to a specific study population is a basic requirement for epidemiological studies in the near future. We propose a methodology to reduce the void between participatory sensing and health research. Instantaneous microscopic land-use regression modeling (µLUR) is an innovative approach. Data science techniques extract the activity-specific and route-sensitive spatiotemporal variability from the data. A data workflow to prepare and apply µLUR models to any mobile population is presented. The µLUR technique and data workflow are illustrated with models for exposure to traffic related Black Carbon. The example µLURs are available for three micro-environments; bicycle, in-vehicle, and indoor. Instantaneous noise assessments supply instantaneous traffic information to the µLURs. The activity specific models are combined into an instantaneous personal exposure model for Black Carbon. An independent external validation reached a correlation of 0.65. The µLURs can be applied to simulated behavioral patterns of individuals in epidemiological cohorts for advanced health and policy research. View Full-Text
Keywords: personal exposure; health; policy; black carbon; noise; spatiotemporal models; air pollution; activity personal exposure; health; policy; black carbon; noise; spatiotemporal models; air pollution; activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dekoninck, L.; Botteldooren, D.; Int Panis, L. Extending Participatory Sensing to Personal Exposure Using Microscopic Land Use Regression Models. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 586.

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