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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(5), 514; doi:10.3390/ijerph14050514

Two Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (rs2431697 and rs2910164) of miR-146a Are Associated with Risk of Coronary Artery Disease

1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China
2
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China
3
Department of Cardiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 23 March 2017 / Revised: 20 April 2017 / Accepted: 28 April 2017 / Published: 10 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [274 KB, uploaded 10 May 2017]

Abstract

The coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most severe cardiovascular diseases. MicroRNA-146a (miR-146a) influences the pathology of cardiovascular diseases. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of miR-146a (rs2431697 and rs2910164) have been reported to alter the function or expression of microRNA. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between miR-146a gene polymorphism and the risk of CAD in the Chinese population. A total of 353 CAD patients and 368 controls were recruited, and SNPs were analyzed by the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and Sequenom MassARRAY system. The gene frequencies of rs2431697 and rs2910164 were significantly different between the two groups. The mutant type (T allele) of rs2431697 and wild type (C allele) of rs2910164 were more frequent in CAD patients. T allele carriers in rs2431697 had an increased CAD risk, while G allele of rs2910164 decreased the risk of CAD significantly. In conclusion, we found that the T allele of rs2431697 was a risk factor of CAD in the Chinese population. Meanwhile, we demonstrated that the G allele of rs2910164 decreased the susceptibility of CAD. View Full-Text
Keywords: microRNA-146a; coronary artery disease; gene polymorphism microRNA-146a; coronary artery disease; gene polymorphism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Y.; Wang, X.; Li, Z.; Chen, L.; Zhou, L.; Li, C.; Ouyang, D.-S. Two Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (rs2431697 and rs2910164) of miR-146a Are Associated with Risk of Coronary Artery Disease. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 514.

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