Next Article in Journal
Associations between Temperature and Hospital Admissions for Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
A National Study of Social Media, Television, Radio, and Internet Usage of Adults by Sexual Orientation and Smoking Status: Implications for Campaign Design
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Smoke-Free Rules in Homes among Socially-Disadvantaged Populations in Poland
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 448;

Who Is Using Outdoor Fitness Equipment and How? The Case of Xihu Park

Graduate Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 15 February 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 21 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behavior and Public Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [442 KB, uploaded 21 April 2017]   |  


Outdoor fitness equipment (OFE) placed in public parks has the potential to encourage physical activity. However, little is known about OFE users and use patterns. This study employed onsite and video observations of OFE usage to describe user characteristics and patterns in Xihu Park. Results indicate that OFE in this park attracted considerable use, particularly in the early morning and late afternoon. During these peak-hour observations, approximately 12 users per hour used the OFE, with the majority being females and seniors. The triple arm stretch and air walker were the most popular stations. However, most OFE users interacted with less than three of the available six OFE stations. Furthermore, users spent an average of less than nine minutes on all OFE stations combined. While OFE equipment was well-used in this urban park, it appears users did not interact with OFE at rates to produce a sufficient bout or level of physical activity during their park visit. Further investigations of OFE are encouraged to determine their health impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: observational study; physical activity; outdoor gym; video monitoring; fitness zones observational study; physical activity; outdoor gym; video monitoring; fitness zones

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chow, H.-W.; Mowen, A.J.; Wu, G.-L. Who Is Using Outdoor Fitness Equipment and How? The Case of Xihu Park. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 448.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top