Differential Gender Effects in the Relationship between Perceived Immune Functioning and Autistic Traits
AbstractAltered immune functioning has been demonstrated in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study explores the relationship between perceived immune functioning and experiencing ASD traits in healthy young adults. N = 410 students from Utrecht University completed a survey on immune functioning and autistic traits. In addition to a 1-item perceived immune functioning rating, the Immune Function Questionnaire (IFQ) was completed to assess perceived immune functioning. The Dutch translation of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was completed to examine variation in autistic traits, including the domains “social insights and behavior”, “difficulties with change”, “communication”, “phantasy and imagination”, and “detail orientation”. The 1-item perceived immune functioning score did not significantly correlate with the total AQ score. However, a significant negative correlation was found between perceived immune functioning and the AQ subscale “difficulties with change” (r = −0.119, p = 0.019). In women, 1-item perceived immune functioning correlated significantly with the AQ subscales “difficulties with change” (r = −0.149, p = 0.029) and “communication” (r = −0.145, p = 0.032). In men, none of the AQ subscales significantly correlated with 1-item perceived immune functioning. In conclusion, a modest relationship between perceived immune functioning and several autistic traits was found. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mackus, M.; Kruijff, D.D.; Otten, L.S.; Kraneveld, A.D.; Garssen, J.; Verster, J.C. Differential Gender Effects in the Relationship between Perceived Immune Functioning and Autistic Traits. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 409.
Mackus M, Kruijff DD, Otten LS, Kraneveld AD, Garssen J, Verster JC. Differential Gender Effects in the Relationship between Perceived Immune Functioning and Autistic Traits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(4):409.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mackus, Marlou; Kruijff, Deborah D.; Otten, Leila S.; Kraneveld, Aletta D.; Garssen, Johan; Verster, Joris C. 2017. "Differential Gender Effects in the Relationship between Perceived Immune Functioning and Autistic Traits." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 4: 409.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.