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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 341; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040341

Study of the Accumulation of Toxic and Essential Ultra-Trace Elements in Fruits of Sorbus domestica L.

1
Division of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, BOKU, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102a, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102a, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susanne Charlesworth
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 18 March 2017 / Accepted: 22 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heavy Metals: Environmental and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [306 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]

Abstract

In the present work, the accumulation of selected toxic and essential ultra-trace elements in fruits of service tree (Sorbus domestica L.) were determined depending on harvest time. Samples were collected from the same sampling area in two different years and within one year in September and October (maturity state). Harvesting the fruits in the same area excludes the influence of metals taken up via roots, thus the impact of airborne contamination by heavy metal translocation can be studied. All samples were dried and digested using an acidic microwave assisted digestion system prior to quantification by inductively coupled plasma—sector field mass spectrometry (ICP–SFMS). The elements chosen were Arsenic and Cadmium as well as Lithium, Molybdenum, and Selenium. The Arsenic content rose with maturity in mesocarp. Cadmium found in the mesocarp was unaffected by ripeness. For Selenium and Molybdenum, no statistically significant effect of ripeness could be found on their content in mesocarp. Lithium could not be detected in the majority of fruit samples. Differences between the metal concentrations based on the year of harvest were found for Arsenic, Molybdenum, and Selenium, depending on precipitation. The drier the season, the more Arsenic was accumulated. For Molybdenum and Selenium, the opposite effect was observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sorbus domestica L.; ultra–trace elements; ICP–SFMS; metal accumulation; climatic influence Sorbus domestica L.; ultra–trace elements; ICP–SFMS; metal accumulation; climatic influence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeiner, M.; Juranović Cindrić, I.; Majić, B.; Stingeder, G. Study of the Accumulation of Toxic and Essential Ultra-Trace Elements in Fruits of Sorbus domestica L.. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 341.

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