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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 338; doi:10.3390/ijerph14040338

Perceptions and Experiences with Flavored Non-Menthol Tobacco Products: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies

1
Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
2
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 101 Manning Dr, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
3
Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 590 Manning Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zubair Kabir
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 18 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [639 KB, uploaded 23 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Although a few countries have banned flavored cigarettes (except menthol), flavors in most tobacco products remain unregulated across the globe. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies examining perceptions of and experiences with flavored non-menthol tobacco products. Of 20 studies on flavored tobacco products included in our qualitative systematic review, 10 examined hookah, six examined e-cigarettes, two examined little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs), and three examined other tobacco products, including cigarettes. The majority of studies, regardless of product type, reported positive perceptions of flavored tobacco products, particularly among young adults and adolescents. In six studies that assessed perceptions of harm (including hookah, LCCs, and other flavored tobacco products), participants believed flavored tobacco products to be less harmful than cigarettes. In studies that examined the role of flavors in experimentation and/or initiation (including three studies on e-cigarettes, one hookah study and one LCC study), participants mentioned flavors as specifically leading to their experimentation and/or initiation of flavored tobacco products. Given that many countries have not yet banned flavors in tobacco products, these findings add to existing research on why individuals use flavored tobacco products and how they perceive harm in flavored tobacco products, providing further support for banning non-menthol flavors in most tobacco products. View Full-Text
Keywords: other tobacco products; tobacco control; flavored tobacco products; regulation other tobacco products; tobacco control; flavored tobacco products; regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kowitt, S.D.; Meernik, C.; Baker, H.M.; Osman, A.; Huang, L.-L.; Goldstein, A.O. Perceptions and Experiences with Flavored Non-Menthol Tobacco Products: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 338.

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