Next Article in Journal
The Vulnerability of People to Landslides: A Case Study on the Relationship between the Casualties and Volume of Landslides in China
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Particulate Matter Exposure and Surrounding “Greenness” on Chronic Absenteeism in Massachusetts Public Schools
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 210; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020210

Association of Sleep Duration, Sleep Quality and Shift-Work Schedule in Relation to Hypertension Prevalence in Chinese Adult Males: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
2
Department of Clinical Nutrition, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
3
Department of Cardiology, Yong Chuan Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
4
Department of Cardiology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710038, China
5
Heart Center, Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing 100044, China
6
Kailuan General Hospital, Hebei United University, Tangshan 100816, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joris Cornelis Verster
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 5 February 2017 / Accepted: 6 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [627 KB, uploaded 21 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Background: Previous studies indicated that measurement of sleep only by duration and quality may be biased. This study aimed to investigate the interactive association of self-reported sleep duration, quality and shift-work schedule with hypertension prevalence in Chinese adult males. Methods: A total of 4519 Chinese adult males (≥18 years) were enrolled into the cross-sectional survey. Sleep attributes were measured from the responses to the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and relevant questions in a structured questionnaire survey. The association of sleep duration, quality and shift-work schedule with hypertension prevalence was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression, considering the interaction between them or not. Results: Taking the potential interaction of the three aspects of sleep into consideration, only short sleep duration combined with poor sleep quality was found to be related to hypertension prevalence in Chinese adult males (odds ratio (OR): 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.31–2.31), which could be modified by occasional and frequent shift-work schedule (OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.05–1.95; OR: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.40–2.79). Conclusions: Short sleep duration was not associated with the prevalence of hypertension in Chinese adult males unless poor sleep quality exists, which could be further modified by shift-work schedule. Assessment of sleep by measuring sleep duration only was not sufficient when exploring the association of sleep with hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep duration; sleep quality; shift-work schedule; hypertension sleep duration; sleep quality; shift-work schedule; hypertension
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, K.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Wang, C.; Ding, R.; Wu, S.; Hu, D. Association of Sleep Duration, Sleep Quality and Shift-Work Schedule in Relation to Hypertension Prevalence in Chinese Adult Males: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 210.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top