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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 159; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020159

Assessing the Knowledge Level, Attitudes, Risky Behaviors and Preventive Practices on Sexually Transmitted Diseases among University Students as Future Healthcare Providers in the Central Zone of Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2
School of Architectural Design (SOAD), Linton Universiti College, Persiaran UTL, Bandar Universiti Teknologi Legenda (BUTL), Batu 12, 71700 Mantin, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Congdon
Received: 6 November 2016 / Revised: 24 December 2016 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 8 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [308 KB, uploaded 8 February 2017]

Abstract

This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms. HIV remains the best known STD (83.6%) by the students, while chlamydia (26%) and trichomoniasis (21.0%) were rarely known. Gender, age group, educational level and faculty type were strongly associated with knowledge level (p-values < 0.05). Most of them (88.8%) were aware that STD screening was important while use of condoms was protective (63.8%). The majority of them strongly felt that treatment should be sought immediately if they (85.5%) and their partners (87.4%) have symptoms. Among the sexually-active students, 66.7% and 18% had sexual intercourse with multiple partners and commercial sex workers, while 17.4% and 9.4% took alcohol and drugs before having sex, respectively. By logistic regression analysis, students aged 24–30 years old (an odds ratio (AOR) = 0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.377–0.859) and faculty type (AOR = 5.69, 95% CI = 4.019–8.057) were the significant predictors for the knowledge level. Knowledge on the non-HIV causes of STDs is still lacking, and the risky behavior practiced by the sexually-active students in this study is alarming. There is a need to revisit the existing STD education curriculum in both schools and universities so that appropriate intervention on STDs can be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexually-transmitted diseases; university students; future health providers; sexual behavior sexually-transmitted diseases; university students; future health providers; sexual behavior
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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    Description: Table S1: Socio-demographic characteristics of the health and non-health university students in this study, Table S2: Sources from which the university students obtained their STD information, Table S3: Multiple logistic regression predicting university students’ knowledge level on STDs, Table S4: Association between preventive practices level and socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge level of the students related to STDs

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MDPI and ACS Style

Folasayo, A.T.; Oluwasegun, A.J.; Samsudin, S.; Saudi, S.N.S.; Osman, M.; Hamat, R.A. Assessing the Knowledge Level, Attitudes, Risky Behaviors and Preventive Practices on Sexually Transmitted Diseases among University Students as Future Healthcare Providers in the Central Zone of Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 159.

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