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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1325; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325

Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology and NetTeaching Unit, Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital Munich (LMU), 80336 Munich, Germany
2
Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology-IBE, University of Munich (LMU), 81377 Munich, Germany
3
Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
4
Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine Medical Faculty Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany and German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 80336 Munich, Germany
5
Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, 60322 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
6
Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technical University Dresden, 01397 Dresden, Germany
7
Dr von Hauner Children’s Hospital, LMU Munich Munich, Germany and German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 80336 Munich, Germany
8
Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital Munich (LMU), 80336 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [523 KB, uploaded 31 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

We aimed to prospectively assess changes in chronic stress among young adults transitioning from high school to university or working life. A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden (Germany) was followed from age 16–18 (2002–2003) to age 20–23 (2007–2009) (n = 1688). Using the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress, two dimensions of stress at university or work were assessed: work overload and work discontent. In the multiple ordinal generalized estimating equations, socio-demographics, stress outside the workplace, and job history were additionally considered. At follow-up, 52% of the population were university students. Work overload increased statistically significantly from first to second follow-up, while work discontent remained constant at the population level. Students, compared to employees, reported a larger increase in work overload (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.33; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.07, 1.67), while work discontent did not differ between the groups. In conclusion, work overload increases when young adults transition from school to university/job life, with university students experiencing the largest increase. View Full-Text
Keywords: work stress; longitudinal study; psychological effects; generalized estimation equations work stress; longitudinal study; psychological effects; generalized estimation equations
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Herrera, R.; Berger, U.; Genuneit, J.; Gerlich, J.; Nowak, D.; Schlotz, W.; Vogelberg, C.; von Mutius, E.; Weinmayr, G.; Windstetter, D.; Weigl, M.; Radon, K. Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1325.

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