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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1264; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101264

Enhancing Resources at the Workplace with Health-Promoting Leadership

1
Department of Psychology, University of Graz, A-8010 Graz, Austria
2
Faculty Industrial Technologies, Furtwangen University, Campus Tuttlingen, 78532 Tuttlingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

Leaders engaging in health-promoting leadership can influence their employees’ health directly by showing health awareness or indirectly by changing working conditions. With health-promoting leadership, leaders are able to support a healthy working environment by providing resource-oriented working conditions for their employees to support their health. Changing working conditions in a health-supportive way can prevent possible negative consequences from critical working conditions (e.g., burnout risk). The present study examined the relationship between health-promoting leadership and the employees’ resources, stress and burnout. To analyze our proposed model, structural equation modelling was conducted in two samples. The resulting model from the first sample of 228 Austrian workers was cross-validated and could be verified with the second sample (N = 263 Austrian workers). The results supported a model in which health-promoting leadership has a strong direct effect on the employees’ resources and an indirect effect on stress and burnout, which was mediated by resources. The results indicate that health-promoting leadership describes the leaders’ capability and dedication creating the right working conditions for their employees by increasing the employees’ resources at the workplace. This in turn minimizes the risk of experiencing burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; health; leadership; resources; stress; working conditions; workplace health promotion burnout; health; leadership; resources; stress; working conditions; workplace health promotion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Jiménez, P.; Bregenzer, A.; Kallus, K.W.; Fruhwirth, B.; Wagner-Hartl, V. Enhancing Resources at the Workplace with Health-Promoting Leadership. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1264.

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