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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1242; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101242

Food and Beverage Availability in Small Food Stores Located in Healthy Food Financing Initiative Eligible Communities

1
Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
2
Center for Food Studies, University of Campinas, Av. Albert Einstein, 291, Cidade Universit√°ria, SP 13083-852, Brazil
3
Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 South Damen Avenue, Office 960, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
4
Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Office 709, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
5
Division of Health Policy and Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Office 448, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Received: 4 August 2017 / Revised: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 18 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Environment, Diet, and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [639 KB, uploaded 18 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Food deserts are a major public health concern. This study aimed to assess food and beverage availability in four underserved communities eligible to receive funding from the Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI). Data analyzed are part of a quasi-experimental study evaluating the impact of the HFFI on the retail food environment in selected Illinois communities. In 2015, 127 small grocery and limited service stores located in the four selected communities were audited. All communities had a large percentage of low-income and African-American residents. Differences in food and beverage item availability (e.g., produce, milk, bread, snack foods) were examined by store type and community location. Food stores had, on average, 1.8 fresh fruit and 2.9 fresh vegetable options. About 12% of stores sold low-fat milk while 86% sold whole milk. Only 12% of stores offered 100% whole wheat bread compared to 84% of stores offering white bread. Almost all (97%) stores offered soda and/or fruit juice. In summary, we found limited availability of healthier food and beverage items in the communities identified for HFFI support. Follow up findings will address how the introduction of new HFFI-supported supermarkets will affect food and beverage availability in these communities over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: Healthy Food Financing Initiative; food desert; grocery store; convenience store; low-income; African-American; Illinois Healthy Food Financing Initiative; food desert; grocery store; convenience store; low-income; African-American; Illinois
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Singleton, C.R.; Li, Y.; Duran, A.C.; Zenk, S.N.; Odoms-Young, A.; Powell, L.M. Food and Beverage Availability in Small Food Stores Located in Healthy Food Financing Initiative Eligible Communities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1242.

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