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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1231; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101231

Non-Traditional Risk Factors of Albuminuria in the Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review

1
Public Health Department, University of Guadalajara, Sierra Mojada 950, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44340, Mexico
2
Environmental Health Department, University of Guadalajara, Sierra Mojada 950, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44340, Mexico
3
Immunology Department, Western Research Biomedical Center (IMSS), Sierra Mojada 800, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44340, Mexico
4
Pediatrics Department, Hospital Angeles del Carmen, Health Services, Tarascos 3473 Interior 240A, Fraccionamiento Monraz, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44670, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yap-Seng Chong
Received: 22 July 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 11 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Child Health 2018)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [323 KB, uploaded 16 October 2017]

Abstract

The presence of albumin in urine has been used for more than four decades as a marker of renal and cardiovascular damage. Most of the information on this marker is related to adults. The prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population has been reported as being 2.2–12.8% in some countries. Most research in this field is related to albuminuria and diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension. Using the methodology described by Arksey and O’Malley in 2005, a scoping review was carried out to show that the presence of albumin in urine in the pediatric population might be associated with environmental, demographic, congenital, infectious, and non-infectious factors. The information collected is supported by 74 references present in PubMed. The results reveal the multiple causes associated with albuminuria in the pediatric population. This information can be very useful for clinical practice by adding knowledge about albuminuria behavior in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: albuminuria; pediatric population; risk factor albuminuria; pediatric population; risk factor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Sierra-Diaz, E.; Celis-de la Rosa, A.J.; Lozano-Kasten, F.; Bravo-Cuellar, A.; Garcia-Gutierrez, M.; Georgina, H.-F. Non-Traditional Risk Factors of Albuminuria in the Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1231.

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