Usability of a Medication Event Reminder Monitor System (MERM) by Providers and Patients to Improve Adherence in the Management of Tuberculosis
AbstractPoor initiation and implementation and premature discontinuation of anti-tuberculous therapy, all forms of nonadherence, are major reasons for treatment failure, the development of drug-resistant tuberculosis, and transmission to other non-infected individuals. Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) has been the worldwide standard, but implementation of DOT is burdensome for providers and patients, especially in resource-limited settings, where most of the burden of active TB is located. Among the alternatives to DOT is electronic monitoring (EM) of drug dosing histories. Here we report a usability study of a newly-designed, modular electronic monitor product, called the MERM (Medication Event and Reminder Monitor), that is compatible with TB medication formats and supply chains in resource-limited settings. This study, done in a rural setting in China, showed that the use of the MERM for EM of TB medications was associated with a high degree of user performance, acceptability, and satisfaction among both TB patients and medical staff. Based on these data, EM is becoming the standard of care for drug-susceptible TB patients in China and scaled implementations in several other countries with high TB burden have begun. In addition, the MERM is being used in MDR-TB patients and in clinical trials involving patients with TB/HIV and latent TB. View Full-Text
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Liu, X.; Blaschke, T.; Thomas, B.; De Geest, S.; Jiang, S.; Gao, Y.; Li, X.; Buono, E.W.; Buchanan, S.; Zhang, Z.; Huan, S. Usability of a Medication Event Reminder Monitor System (MERM) by Providers and Patients to Improve Adherence in the Management of Tuberculosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1115.
Liu X, Blaschke T, Thomas B, De Geest S, Jiang S, Gao Y, Li X, Buono EW, Buchanan S, Zhang Z, Huan S. Usability of a Medication Event Reminder Monitor System (MERM) by Providers and Patients to Improve Adherence in the Management of Tuberculosis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(10):1115.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Xiaoqiu; Blaschke, Terrence; Thomas, Bruce; De Geest, Sabina; Jiang, Shiwen; Gao, Yongxin; Li, Xinxu; Buono, Elizabeth W.; Buchanan, Stacy; Zhang, Zhiying; Huan, Shitong. 2017. "Usability of a Medication Event Reminder Monitor System (MERM) by Providers and Patients to Improve Adherence in the Management of Tuberculosis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 10: 1115.
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