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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1110; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101110

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pregnant Women towards Varicella and Their Children’s Varicella Vaccination: Evidence from Three Distrcits in Zhejiang Province, China

Institute of Immunization and Prevention, Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 3399 Binsheng Road, Binjiang District, Hangzhou 310051, China
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Received: 26 August 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 24 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Abstract

Background: The objectives of this study were to examine the knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) towards varicella and varicella vaccine (VarV) vaccination among pregnant women in three distrcits in Zhejiang Province, China. Methods: From 1 January to 31 March 2014, pregnant women with ≥12 gestational weeks were recruited and received a self-administrated questionnaire. The first dose of VarV (VarV1) vaccination status of children from present pregnancy was extracted at 24 months of age from Zhejiang provincial immunization information system (ZJIIS). Three variables was defined as the main outcomes, which included: (1) knowing about both the availability of VarV and the number of doses required; (2) positive attitude towards the utility of varicella vaccination; (3) the vaccination coverage of VarV1, which meant the proportion of children having received the VarV1. Counts and proportions were used to describe the socio-demographic characteristics of study participants, and their relationship with study outcomes were tested using chi-square tests in univariate analysis and logistic regression in multivariable analysis. Results: A total of 629 pregnant women participated in this study. The majority of the participants (68.0%) answered correctly about the transmission route of varicella. The proportion of participants who heard about varicella vaccination was 76.5% and 66.8% knew that VarV was currently available. Only 13.5% of the participants answered correctly that the complete VarV series needed two doses. Age, immigration status, education level, household income, and number of children of the pregnant women were significant predictors of the KAP regarding the VarV vaccination. Conclusions: The current survey indicated that optimal KAP levels and coverage on VarV vaccination were observed in three districts of Zhejiang Province. Health education programs on varicella and VarV vaccination directed towards both pre-natal and post-natal women are needed, which will result in a better attitude on vaccination of VarV and in a high coverage of VarV. View Full-Text
Keywords: varicella; knowledge; attitude; practice; vaccination; pregnant woman; children varicella; knowledge; attitude; practice; vaccination; pregnant woman; children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hu, Y.; Chen, Y.; Wang, Y.; Liang, H. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pregnant Women towards Varicella and Their Children’s Varicella Vaccination: Evidence from Three Distrcits in Zhejiang Province, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1110.

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