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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1104; doi:10.3390/ijerph14101104

Dietary Inflammatory Index and Cardiometabolic Risk Parameters in Overweight and Sedentary Subjects

1
Centro de Estudios para la Medición de la Actividad Física (CEMA), Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá DC 111221, Colombia
2
Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud Avda, De la Ilustración, s/n, (18016), Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 6 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health)
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Abstract

Nutrition has been established as a relevant factor in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and cardiometabolic risk parameters in a cohort of 90 overweight and sedentary adults from Bogotá, Colombia. A 24-h dietary record was used to calculate the DII. Body composition variables, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse wave velocity (PWV), lipid profile, glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb1Ac), and blood pressure were measured and a cardiometabolic risk score (MetScore) was calculated. A lower DII score (anti-inflammatory diet) was significantly associated with higher high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and FMD, and lower Hb1Ac and MetScore (p < 0.05). A lower DII score was inversely correlated with plasma triglyceride levels (r = −0.354, p < 0.05), glucose (r = −0.422, p < 0.05), MetScore (r = −0.228, p < 0.05), and PWV (r = −0.437, p < 0.05), and positively with FMD (r = 0.261, p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher DII score (pro-inflammatory diet) showed a positive relationship with MetScore (r = 0.410, p < 0.05) and a negative relationship with FMD (r = −0.233, p < 0.05). An increased inflammatory potential of diet was inversely associated with an improved cardiometabolic profile, suggesting the importance of promoting anti-inflammatory diets as an effective strategy for preventing CVD. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary inflammatory index; cardio-metabolic; diet; overweight dietary inflammatory index; cardio-metabolic; diet; overweight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Camargo-Ramos, C.M.; Correa-Bautista, J.E.; Correa-Rodríguez, M.; Ramírez-Vélez, R. Dietary Inflammatory Index and Cardiometabolic Risk Parameters in Overweight and Sedentary Subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1104.

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