Maternal Exposure to Pyrethroid Insecticides during Pregnancy and Infant Development at 18 Months of Age
AbstractThe possible association between maternal exposure to pyrethroid insecticides (PYRs) during pregnancy and infant development was explored. Levels of exposure to PYRs was assessed by metabolite (3-phenoybenzoic acid, 3-PBA) concentration in maternal spot urine sampled in the first trimester of index pregnancy, and infant development was assessed at 18 months of age using the Kinder Infants Development Scale (KIDS), which is based on a questionnaire to the caretaker. The relationship between KIDS score and maternal urinary 3-PBA levels was examined by a stepwise multiple regression analysis using biological attributes of the mother and infant, breast feeding, and nursing environment as covariates. The analysis extracted 3-PBA and the nursing environment as significant to explain the KIDS score at 18 months of age with positive partial regression coefficients. Inclusion of fish consumption frequency of the mother during pregnancy as an independent variable resulted in the selection of fish consumption as significant, while the two variables were marginally insignificant but still with a positive coefficient with the KIDS score. The result suggested a positive effect of maternal PYR exposure on infant development, the reason for which is not clear, but an unknown confounding factor is suspected. View Full-Text
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Hisada, A.; Yoshinaga, J.; Zhang, J.; Katoh, T.; Shiraishi, H.; Shimodaira, K.; Okai, T.; Ariki, N.; Komine, Y.; Shirakawa, M.; Noda, Y.; Kato, N. Maternal Exposure to Pyrethroid Insecticides during Pregnancy and Infant Development at 18 Months of Age. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 52.
Hisada A, Yoshinaga J, Zhang J, Katoh T, Shiraishi H, Shimodaira K, Okai T, Ariki N, Komine Y, Shirakawa M, Noda Y, Kato N. Maternal Exposure to Pyrethroid Insecticides during Pregnancy and Infant Development at 18 Months of Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(1):52.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hisada, Aya; Yoshinaga, Jun; Zhang, Jie; Katoh, Takahiko; Shiraishi, Hiroaki; Shimodaira, Kazuhisa; Okai, Takashi; Ariki, Nagako; Komine, Yoko; Shirakawa, Miyako; Noda, Yumiko; Kato, Nobumasa. 2017. "Maternal Exposure to Pyrethroid Insecticides during Pregnancy and Infant Development at 18 Months of Age." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 1: 52.
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