Next Article in Journal
Assessment of a Culturally-Tailored Sexual Health Education Program for African American Youth
Previous Article in Journal
Legionella Risk Management and Control in Potable Water Systems: Argument for the Abolishment of Routine Testing
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(1), 13; doi:10.3390/ijerph14010013

Changing Diet Quality in China during 2004–2011

1,†
,
2,†
and
1,*
1
College of Economics and Management, China Center for Food Security Studies, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, China
2
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, Jiangsu, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Clifton
Received: 18 September 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 20 December 2016 / Published: 24 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [505 KB, uploaded 24 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Currently, under- and over-nutrition problems co-exist in China. However, systematic studies on the diet quality of Chinese residents have been scant. This study described the trend in diet quality of Chinese residents over a recent eight-year period and investigated the relevant influential factors. The data of Chinese adults aged 20–59 years was extracted from 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey. The China diet quality index (DQI) was employed to assess the diet quality of Chinese adults. The dietary consumption data of each individual was collected using a 24-h dietary recall and weighed food records implemented for three consecutive days. A mixed ordinary least squares regression model was applied to analyze the factors influencing the DQI scores of Chinese residents. Results showed that the diet quality of Chinese residents increased from 2004 to 2006, followed by a decrease in 2009 and 2011. The income, urbanicity index, and southern dummy were positively associated with DQI scores, whereas the size of household and labor intensity were negative predictors of DQI scores. The DQI scores also varied over BMI values. With an increase of the average income level in the future, the diet quality of Chinese residents is estimated to further improve. Moreover, urbanization could also contribute to reaching a more balanced diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet quality index; nutrition transition; China; adults diet quality index; nutrition transition; China; adults
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.; Wang, H.; Tian, X. Changing Diet Quality in China during 2004–2011. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 13.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top