Next Article in Journal
Medical Waste Disposal Method Selection Based on a Hierarchical Decision Model with Intuitionistic Fuzzy Relations
Next Article in Special Issue
Occupational Safety and Related Impacts on Health and the Environment
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Intensive Nutrition Education on Late Middle-Aged Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genetic Variations in the Promoter of the APE1 Gene Are Associated with DMF-Induced Abnormal Liver Function: A Case-Control Study in a Chinese Population
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 895; doi:10.3390/ijerph13090895

Cotton Dust Exposure and Respiratory Disorders among Textile Workers at a Textile Company in the Southern Part of Benin

1
Unit of Teaching and Research in Occupational Health and Environment, Faculty of Sciences of the Health, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO 188 Cotonou, Benin
2
Section for Environment, Occupation and Health, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University Denmark, Nordre Ringgade 1, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
3
Unité D’enseignement et de Recherche en Pneumo-Phtisiologie, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey Calavi, 01 PO 321 Cotonou, Benin
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Watterson
Received: 2 December 2015 / Revised: 21 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 September 2016 / Published: 8 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Safety and Related Impacts on Health and the Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [301 KB, uploaded 8 September 2016]

Abstract

The textile industry sector occupies a prominent place in the economy of Benin. It exposes workers to several occupational risks, including exposure to cotton dust. To assess the effect of exposure to cotton dust on the health of workers, this study was initiated and conducted in a Beninese cotton industry company. The objective of the study was to evaluate the respiratory disorders among the textile workers exposed to cotton dust and the cross-sectional study involved 656 subjects exposed to cotton dust and 113 non-exposed subjects. The methods used are mainly based on a survey using a questionnaire of organic dust designed by the International Commission of Occupational Health (ICOH); and on the measures of lung function parameters (FEV1 and FVC). The main results of the different analyzes revealed that subjects exposed to cotton dust have more respiratory symptoms than unexposed subjects (36.9% vs. 21.2%). The prevalence of chronic cough, expectorations, dyspnoea, asthma and chronic bronchitis are 16.8%, 9.8%, 17.3%, 2.6%, and 5.9% respectively among the exposed versus 2.6%, 0.8%, 16.8%, 0% and 0.8% among the unexposed subjects. The prevalence of byssinosis is 44.01%.The prevalence of symptoms is dependent on the sector of activity and the age of the subject. These results should encourage medical interventions and technical prevention especially since the textile industry occupies an important place in the Benin’s economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory disorders; cotton dust; byssinosis; FEV1; FVC; Benin respiratory disorders; cotton dust; byssinosis; FEV1; FVC; Benin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hinson, A.V.; Lokossou, V.K.; Schlünssen, V.; Agodokpessi, G.; Sigsgaard, T.; Fayomi, B. Cotton Dust Exposure and Respiratory Disorders among Textile Workers at a Textile Company in the Southern Part of Benin. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 895.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top