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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 787; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080787

A Framework for Flood Risk Analysis and Benefit Assessment of Flood Control Measures in Urban Areas

1
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Research Center on Flood & Drought Disaster Reduction of the Ministry of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
2
College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 24 May 2016 / Revised: 15 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 5 August 2016
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Abstract

Flood risk analysis is more complex in urban areas than that in rural areas because of their closely packed buildings, different kinds of land uses, and large number of flood control works and drainage systems. The purpose of this paper is to propose a practical framework for flood risk analysis and benefit assessment of flood control measures in urban areas. Based on the concept of disaster risk triangle (hazard, vulnerability and exposure), a comprehensive analysis method and a general procedure were proposed for urban flood risk analysis. Urban Flood Simulation Model (UFSM) and Urban Flood Damage Assessment Model (UFDAM) were integrated to estimate the flood risk in the Pudong flood protection area (Shanghai, China). S-shaped functions were adopted to represent flood return period and damage (R-D) curves. The study results show that flood control works could significantly reduce the flood risk within the 66-year flood return period and the flood risk was reduced by 15.59%. However, the flood risk was only reduced by 7.06% when the flood return period exceeded 66-years. Hence, it is difficult to meet the increasing demands for flood control solely relying on structural measures. The R-D function is suitable to describe the changes of flood control capacity. This frame work can assess the flood risk reduction due to flood control measures, and provide crucial information for strategy development and planning adaptation. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk analysis; flood control measures; UFSM; UFDAM; R-D function; EAD (expected annual damage) flood risk analysis; flood control measures; UFSM; UFDAM; R-D function; EAD (expected annual damage)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.; Cheng, X.; Li, N.; Du, X.; Yu, Q.; Kan, G. A Framework for Flood Risk Analysis and Benefit Assessment of Flood Control Measures in Urban Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 787.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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