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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 770; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080770

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Population-Based Study in Northeast China

1
Department of Cardiology, the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China
2
Department of Cardiac Ultrasound, the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 22 July 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
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Abstract

Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has attracted increasing attention worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of HFpEF and analyze its correlates in a sample of residents of northeast China; Methods: A population-based study of 2230 participants ≥35 years old was conducted in rural areas of Liaoning Province from January 2012 through August 2013. Information about lifestyle and other potential risk factors was obtained. HFpEF was diagnosed according to the recommendations of European Society of Cardiology; Results: The overall prevalence of HFpEF was 3.5% (1.8% in men and 4.9% in women). The prevalence of HFpEF increased with age in both genders and was greater in women than in men for every age group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that female gender (OR, 3.575; 95% CI, 1.761–7.256), hypertension (OR, 3.711; 95% CI, 2.064–6.674), and history of heart disease (2.086; 95% CI, 1.243–3.498) were associated factors for prevalent HFpEF; Conclusions: In a general population from rural northeast China, we found that female gender, hypertension, and history of heart disease were risk factors for prevalent HFpEF. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevalence; risk factor; heart failure; preserved ejection fraction prevalence; risk factor; heart failure; preserved ejection fraction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, L.; Guo, X.; Chang, Y.; Yang, J.; Zhang, L.; Li, T.; Sun, Y. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Population-Based Study in Northeast China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 770.

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