Next Article in Journal
Association of Perceived Stress with Atopic Dermatitis in Adults: A Population-Based Study in Korea
Previous Article in Journal
Seasonality and Trend Forecasting of Tuberculosis Prevalence Data in Eastern Cape, South Africa, Using a Hybrid Model
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 759; doi:10.3390/ijerph13080759

Risk Factors Associated with Peer Victimization and Bystander Behaviors among Adolescent Students

1
Injury Prevention Research Center, Shantou University Medical College, 22 Xin Ling Road, Shantou 515041, China
2
Fu Jian Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 76 Jin Tai Road, Fu Zhou 350001, China
3
The Second People’s Hospital of Long Gang District, 175 Ji Hua Road, Shenzhen 518172, China
4
The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, 57 Chang Ping Road, Shantou 515041, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 21 April 2016 / Revised: 7 July 2016 / Accepted: 20 July 2016 / Published: 27 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [289 KB, uploaded 27 July 2016]

Abstract

Despite the prevalence of the phenomena of peer victimization and bystander behaviors, little data has generated to describe their relationships and risk factors. In this paper, a self-administered survey using a cross-sectional cluster-random sampling method in a sample of 5450 participants (2734 girls and 2716 boys) between 4th and 11th grades was conducted at six schools (two primary schools and four middle schools) located in Shantou, China. Self-reported peer victimization, bystander behaviors and information regarding parents’ risky behaviors and individual behavioral factors were collected. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was applied to evaluate risk factors affecting peer victimization and bystander behaviors. The results indicated that urban participants were more likely to become bullying victims but less likely to become passive bystanders. Contrarily, bullying victimization was related to the increasing of passive bystander behaviors. Father drinking and mother smoking as independent factors were risk factors for peer victimization. Participants who were smoking or drinking had a tendency to be involved in both peer victimization and passive bystander behaviors. This study suggested that bystander behaviors, victims’ and parents’ educations play a more important role in peer victimization than previously thought. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; adolescents; risk factors; bystander bullying; adolescents; risk factors; bystander
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Z.; Liu, Z.; Liu, X.; Lv, L.; Zhang, Y.; Ou, L.; Li, L. Risk Factors Associated with Peer Victimization and Bystander Behaviors among Adolescent Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 759.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top