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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 735; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070735

Perception of Air Pollution in the Jinchuan Mining Area, China: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

1
Department of Industry and Economics, School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, No. 74, the West Yanta Road, Xi’an 710061, China
2
Department of Economic Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Landleven1, Groningen 9747 AD, The Netherlands
3
Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Economics and Management, Northwest A & F University, 3 Taicheng Road, Yangling 712100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kim Natasha Dirks
Received: 20 June 2016 / Revised: 20 June 2016 / Accepted: 27 June 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2070 KB, uploaded 21 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Studies on the perception of air pollution in China are very limited. The aim of this paper is to help to fill this gap by analyzing a cross-sectional dataset of 759 residents of the Jinchuan mining area, Gansu Province, China. The estimations suggest that perception of air pollution is two-dimensional. The first dimension is the perceived intensity of air pollution and the second is the perceived hazardousness of the pollutants. Both dimensions are influenced by environmental knowledge. Perceived intensity is furthermore influenced by socio-economic status and proximity to the pollution source; perceived hazardousness is influenced by socio-economic status, family health experience, family size and proximity to the pollution source. There are no reverse effects from perception on environmental knowledge. The main conclusion is that virtually all Jinchuan residents perceive high intensity and hazardousness of air pollution despite the fact that public information on air pollution and its health impacts is classified to a great extent. It is suggested that, to assist the residents to take appropriate preventive action, the local government should develop counseling and educational campaigns and institutionalize disclosure of air quality conditions. These programs should pay special attention to young residents who have limited knowledge of air pollution in the Jinchuan mining area. View Full-Text
Keywords: perception of air pollution; environmental knowledge; structural equation model (SEM); latent variable; China perception of air pollution; environmental knowledge; structural equation model (SEM); latent variable; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Z.; Folmer, H.; Xue, J. Perception of Air Pollution in the Jinchuan Mining Area, China: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 735.

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