An Analysis of Children Left Unattended in Parked Motor Vehicles in Brazil
AbstractOur study investigates the incidence of children left unattended in parked motor vehicles in Brazil. These events have been widely explored in the United States but less so abroad, and never in Brazil. Over the period from 2006 to 2015, we collected data from news reports on 31 cases, including 21 fatalities. The circumstances mostly involved a caregiver, especially a parent, forgetting the child (71%), but cases also included the child being intentionally left in the vehicle (23%) or gaining access to the vehicle (3%). Children tended to be forgotten more frequently in fatal cases (86%), particularly on the way to daycare, than non-fatal incidents where circumstances were more evenly distributed between forgetting (40%) and being intentionally left behind (50%). Incidents occurred throughout the country but mostly in the southeastern region near the city of São Paulo. Additionally, the danger for children is present year-round as we observed cases in every season, albeit with a peak in the summer. This heat-related hazard is not well recognized across Brazil and we recommend increasing awareness through education. Further, given the high percentage of cases involving parents forgetting to leave their children at daycare, we recommend arrangements between daycare providers and parents to communicate when a child does not attend as expected. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 120 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Costa, D.; Grundstein, A. An Analysis of Children Left Unattended in Parked Motor Vehicles in Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 649.
Costa D, Grundstein A. An Analysis of Children Left Unattended in Parked Motor Vehicles in Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(7):649.Chicago/Turabian Style
Costa, Driely; Grundstein, Andrew. 2016. "An Analysis of Children Left Unattended in Parked Motor Vehicles in Brazil." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 7: 649.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.