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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 639; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070639

Public Parks in Hong Kong: Characteristics of Physical Activity Areas and Their Users

1
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, 5127 Walsh Way, San Diego, CA 92115, USA
3
Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Harry Timmermans
Received: 4 May 2016 / Revised: 20 June 2016 / Accepted: 21 June 2016 / Published: 28 June 2016
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Abstract

Public parks, salient locations for engaging populations in health promoting physical activity, are especially important in high-density cities. We used the System for Observing Physical Activity in Communities (SOPARC) to conduct the first-ever surveillance study of nine public parks in Hong Kong (288 observation sessions during 36 weekdays and 36 weekend days) and observed 28,585 visitors in 262 diverse areas/facilities. Parks were widely used throughout the day on weekdays and weekend days and across summer and autumn; visitor rates were among the highest seen in 24 SOPARC studies. In contrast to other studies where teens and children dominated park use, most visitors (71%) were adults and seniors. More males (61%) than females used the parks, and they dominated areas designed for sports. Over 60% of visitors were observed engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, a rate higher than other SOPARC studies. Facilities with user fees were less accessible than non-fee areas, but they provided relatively more supervised and organized activities. Assessing parks by age, gender, and physical activity can provide useful information relative to population health. This study not only provides information useful to local administrators for planning and programming park facilities relative to physical activity, but it also provides a baseline for comparison by other high-density cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: built environment; direct observation; exercise; parks; physical activity; recreation; SOPARC; surveillance built environment; direct observation; exercise; parks; physical activity; recreation; SOPARC; surveillance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chow, B.C.; McKenzie, T.L.; Sit, C.H.P. Public Parks in Hong Kong: Characteristics of Physical Activity Areas and Their Users. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 639.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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