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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(6), 590; doi:10.3390/ijerph13060590

Simultaneous Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Parents with a Focus on Social Skills Enhancement

1
United Graduate School of Child Development, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
2
Molecular Research Center for Children’s Mental Development, United Graduate School of Child Development, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Cashin
Received: 8 February 2016 / Revised: 27 May 2016 / Accepted: 7 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Healthcare and Autism)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1579 KB, uploaded 14 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of simultaneous training for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their parents, with a focus on social skills enhancement (STSSE) by evaluating behavioral changes in children with ASD and changes in family functioning. STSSE was conducted on 17 children of elementary school age with ASD and their parents. Changes in scores on the social skills scale for education (SS-scale), the child behavior checklist, the Feetham Family Functioning Survey (FFFS), and the confidence degree questionnaire for families (CDQ) were used to assess the effectiveness of STSSE. Improvements were seen for “Communication Skills” on the children’s SS-scale (p = 0.029). Significant improvements were seen in the mothers’ FFFS scores for “The 4th factor: illness and worries” (p = 0.016) and in the median CDQ scores for one of 18 items after STSSE (p = 0.01). Although additional studies with larger sample sizes will be necessary before these findings are generalizable, the positive changes seen in both parents and children as a result of STSSE are promising. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder (ASD); social skills; family functioning; parental confidence autism spectrum disorder (ASD); social skills; family functioning; parental confidence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Okuno, H.; Yamamoto, T.; Tatsumi, A.; Mohri, I.; Taniike, M. Simultaneous Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Parents with a Focus on Social Skills Enhancement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 590.

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