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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(6), 556; doi:10.3390/ijerph13060556

A Diffusive Gradient-in-Thin-Film Technique for Evaluation of the Bioavailability of Cd in Soil Contaminated with Cd and Pb

Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
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Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 1 March 2016 / Revised: 24 April 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 2 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Systems Engineering)
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Abstract

Management of heavy metal contamination requires accurate information about the distribution of bioavailable fractions, and about exchange between the solid and solution phases. In this study, we employed diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) and traditional chemical extraction methods (soil solution, HOAc, EDTA, CaCl2, and NaOAc) to determine the Cd bioavailability in Cd-contaminated soil with the addition of Pb. Two typical terrestrial species (wheat, Bainong AK58; maize, Zhengdan 958) were selected as the accumulation plants. The results showed that the added Pb may enhance the efficiency of Cd phytoextraction which is indicated by the increasing concentration of Cd accumulating in the plant tissues. The DGT-measured Cd concentrations and all the selected traditional extractants measured Cd concentrations all increased with increasing concentration of the addition Pb which were similar to the change trends of the accumulated Cd concentrations in plant tissues. Moreover, the Pearson regression coefficients between the different indicators obtained Cd concentrations and plants uptake Cd concentrations were further indicated significant correlations (p < 0.01). However, the values of Pearson regression coefficients showed the merits of DGT, CaCl2, and Csol over the other three methods. Consequently, the in situ measurement of DGT and the ex situ traditional methods could all reflect the inhibition effects between Cd and Pb. Due to the feature of dynamic measurements of DGT, it could be a robust tool to predict Cd bioavaiability in complex contaminated soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT); chemical extraction methods; combined pollution; cadmium bioavailability; wheat and maize diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT); chemical extraction methods; combined pollution; cadmium bioavailability; wheat and maize
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Wang, P.; Wang, T.; Yao, Y.; Wang, C.; Liu, C.; Yuan, Y. A Diffusive Gradient-in-Thin-Film Technique for Evaluation of the Bioavailability of Cd in Soil Contaminated with Cd and Pb. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 556.

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